STIs

For both males and females, STIs can affect your ability to conceive a baby. For women, they can also cause problems during pregnancy and can affect the health of the developing baby. Men with STIs can pass the infection onto their partner and the developing child. Getting tested is an important way to protect your health, your partner’s health, and the health of your future baby.

Learn more about the most commonly known STIs.

Chlamydia is a serious bacterial infection that is spread through sexual contact and can be passed to a newborn during delivery. Chlamydia can also spread to reproductive organs causing serious complications. To learn more, see Chlamydia.
Gonorrhea is an infection that can cause a discharge from the penis or vagina and a burning sensation during urination. Antibiotics are used to treat gonorrhea. To learn more, see Gonorrhea.
Syphilis is a bacterial infection that can cause sores near the genitals, in the mouth, or the rectum. Pregnant women can pass the infection to their unborn children and, if left untreated, can cause complications during and after birth. To learn more, see Syphilis.
Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) is an infection that results in one or more blisters around the genitals, rectum or mouth. While treatable, there is no cure and the risk to a baby is higher if the mother has an outbreak at the time of delivery. To learn more, see Herpes.
Human Papillomavirus Virus (HPV) is the most common STI with over 100 different strains. While most are not harmful, HPV can cause genital warts and even certain types of cancer. A vaccine is now available for both men and women. To learn more, see HPV.
Also known as Trich, this STI is caused by a parasite, most commonly found in the vagina in women and the urethra in men. Mothers with Trich often have babies early (preterm) at a low birth weight. To learn more, see Trichomoniasis.
Hepatitis B is a liver disease caused by a virus that can be deadly. Hepatitis B can be passed on during childbirth. There is also a low risk of spread if breastfeeding with cracked or bleeding nipples. To learn more, see Hepatitis B.
HIV can spread through unprotected sex or through the sharing of infected needles. HIV weakens your ability to fend off infections and diseases and can lead to AIDS. To learn more, see HIV.